Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). One may not know if affected by chlamydia because many people never develop the signs or symptoms, such as genital pain and discharge from the vagina or penis.

Chlamydia affects both men and women and occurs in all age groups, though it’s most prevalent among young women. Chlamydia isn’t difficult to treat once you know you have it. If left untreated, however, chlamydia can lead to more-serious health problems.

Early-stage chlamydia infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms. When signs or symptoms dooccur, they usually start between one to three weeks after exposure to chlamydia. Even when signs and symptoms occur, they often tend to be mild and passing, making them easy to overlook.

Signs and symptoms of chlamydia infection may include painful urination, power abdominal pain, vaginal discharge in women, discharge from the penis in men, painful sexual intercourse in women, bleeding between periods and after sex in women, testicular pain in men.

The infection can be effectively cured with the use of antibiotics once it has been detected. Current guidelines recommend azithromycin, doxycycline, erythromycin, or ofloxacin.For pregnant women, erythromycin or amoxicillin may be used. An option for treating partners of patients (index cases) diagnosed with chlamydia is patient-delivered partner therapy (PDT or PDPT), which is the clinical practice of treating the sex partners of index cases by providing prescriptions or medications to the patient to take to his/her partner without the health care provider first examining the partner.