Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI). One may not know if affected
by chlamydia because many people never develop the signs or symptoms, such as genital
pain and discharge from the vagina or penis.
Chlamydia affects both men and women and occurs in all age groups, though it’s most
prevalent among young women. Chlamydia isn’t difficult to treat once you know you have it.
If left untreated, however, chlamydia can lead to more-serious health problems.
Early-stage chlamydia infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms. When signs or
symptoms dooccur, they usually start between one to three weeks after exposure to
chlamydia. Even when signs and symptoms occur, they often tend to be mild and passing,
making them easy to overlook.
Signs and symptoms of chlamydia infection may include painful urination, power abdominal
pain, vaginal discharge in women, discharge from the penis in men, painful sexual
intercourse in women, bleeding between periods and after sex in women, testicular pain in
The infection can be effectively cured with the use of antibiotics once it has been detected.
Current guidelines recommend azithromycin, doxycycline, erythromycin, or ofloxacin.For
pregnant women, erythromycin or amoxicillin may be used. An option for treating partners of
patients (index cases) diagnosed with chlamydia is patient-delivered partner therapy (PDT or
PDPT), which is the clinical practice of treating the sex partners of index cases by providing
prescriptions or medications to the patient to take to his/her partner without the health care
provider first examining the partner.