Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection that affects both men and
women. Features of genital herpes include pain, itching and sores in your genital area.
Many infected people face no signs or symptoms of genital herpes. An infected
person can be contagious, even if he or she has no visible sores.
Herpes is cause by Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). Sexual transmission is the primary
way of this virus to spread. After being affected, the virus in the body lies dormant &
then reactivates several times in a year.
When infected with herpes it’s difficult to tell because the symptoms are extremely
mild in nature. When present, the initial symptom of genital herpes usually is pain or
itching, beginning within a few weeks after exposure to an infected sexual partner.
After several days, small red bumps or tiny white blisters may appear. They then
rupture, becoming ulcers that ooze or bleed. Eventually, scabs form and the ulcers
In women, sores can erupt in the vaginal area, external genitals, buttocks, anus or
cervix. In men, sores can appear on the penis, scrotum, buttocks, anus or thighs or
inside the urethra, the channel inside the penis leading to the bladder.
Recurrences of this disease can be caused to a variety of factors: Stress, fatigue,
illness, surgery, and menstruation.
Treatment with antiviral drugs can be useful for people to remain symptom free for a
longer period of time. These drugs act through reducing the severity and duration of
symptoms when they do flare up. Drug therapy although not a cure, helps by making
the living conditions for those with this condition easier.There are three major drugs
commonly used to treat genital herpes symptoms: Acyclovir (Zovirax), Famciclovir
(Famvir), and Valacyclovir (Valtrex). These are all taken in pill form. Severe cases
may be treated with the intravenous (IV) drug acyclovir.