Hair Disorder/ Trichology

You may underestimate the power of a good hair day but your hair is surprisingly one of the most important aspects of your personality. Your hair plays a lot of important roles other than just being your most possessed accessory. Some of the crucial roles that hair plays in keeping our head warm and acts as a protectant cushion for our skull. Hair is a major part of our identity as well and has a huge role in the way we look. However, various problems associated with hair can be quite troubling. Certain hair disorders that occur in people are hereditary while others occur due to poor hygiene and lifestyle. Some of the common hair disorders are

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Alopecia refers to any kind of hair loss or thinning of hair, wherein a person gradually loses his/her hair. There are numerous causes of alopecia such as stress, pregnancy in women, male exposure to strong sunlight, anaemia, hypothyroidism’, pattern baldness, female pattern baldness, vitamin B deficiency, an autoimmune disorder, chemotherapy, etc. ageing is, however, the most common of them all. If one faces the hair loss of more than 80-100 hairs then it is a matter of great concern. Different types of alopecia are

Androgenic alopecia: This is the most common type of alopecia associated with male pattern baldness and female pattern baldness resulting in permanent hair loss.

Alopecia areata: This is due to your own immune cells attacking your hair follicles, due to which you lose hair in the form of round patches all over your body and scalp. In this type of hair loss, the hair may grow back again but falls again.

Diffuse alopecia: This type of alopecia is caused by nutritional deficiencies, physical or emotional stress and hormonal imbalance.

Traction alopecia: This is a type of gradual hair loss that occurs due to chronic pulling. Hair that is pulled in various directions to make different hairstyles is one of the common reasons for this type of hair loss and is usually seen around the temples and behind the ears.


Dandruff refers to a scalp condition that is marked by itchiness and flakiness of the scalp. The actual cause of dandruff is unknown but it may be aggravated by poor hygiene where a person fails to wash their hair often. Some of the other common causes of dandruff are

Dry skin: a dry skin is amongst the most common cause of dandruff. Flakes that are due to dry skin are generally smaller and less oily.

Seborrheic dermatitis( oily scalp): Not only dry scalp but oiliness in the scalp also is a leading cause of dandruff and marked by greasy, red skin covered with yellow or white flaky scales.

Other skin conditions: skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis can also lead to dandruff.

Contact dermatitis: his condition occurs due to sensitivity to certain products such as shampoos, and hair oils or other styling products.

Some measures to get rid of dandruff are
  • Washing your hair often that is twice or thrice a week
  • Do not scratch your scalp, while shampooing or in general as it may damage your scalp.
  • Using a zinc pyrithione or salicylic acid shampoo that will kill the fungi and shed the dead skin on your scalp.
  • Using a powerful ketoconazole shampoo that is an anti-fungal agent
  • If you do not see any improvement then visit Dermcos skin care clinic for quick relief from your condition.

    Hair fall is a very common problem that is prevalent in people of all age groups and in both genders. In hair loss, genetics play a very important role, fluctuations in hormones is also an important factor that could elevate your issues of hair. Hair fall may also be associated with certain life events such as pregnancy, menopause, trauma or injury, diseases related to thyroid, usage of certain medications or ring worm infections leading to bald patches. Nutritional deficiencies can also trigger hair loss in many.

    Symptoms of hair loss

  • Circular bald patches on your scalp
  • Gradual thinning of hair especially on top of your head
  • Scaling patches spreading to the entire scalp
  • Loosening of hair and receding hairline
  • Treatment of hair loss

  • Using a mild and sulphate free shampoo
  • Incorporating nutrients such as iron and zinc in your diet
  • Use of medications such as Finasteride and Minoxidil( topical) that are known to promote hair loss
  • Corticosteroids may also be a treatment option in case your hair fall is triggered by your own immune system.
  • Laser devices are the new age technology that can fasten your hair growth and reduce the hair fall.
  • If you too are looking for the best treatment for any hair-related issue then Dermcos skin care clinic has the best solution for you.