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Teen Acne

Our bodies tend to produce certain hormones known as Androgens that are responsible for the oil production on your skin. This excess sebum or oil can clog your pores, which results in the outbreak of acne. Acne commonly occurring in teens can be either occasional breakouts or can be the severe acne, blackheads and whiteheads. Acne can be a matter of great distress in children as well as teens that makes them emotionally withdraw from school and activities with their friends, making children and teenagers to be introvert and awkward in social situations. Fortunately, acne can be treated successfully. Most skin conditions due to acne can be alleviated easily by following a regular and good skin care regimen. However, one may need further diagnosis and therapy from a dermatologist which becomes quite important when all other method fails to clear up your acne.

Acne is not an infection of the skin, instead it is a multi-factorial inflammatory condition. Four factors involved include :

1 hormones that lead to increased oiliness in the skin, and

2 altered skin turnover, which leads to clogged pores.

3 Normal bacteria on the skin, propionibacterium acnes, thrive in the clogged pores leading to

4 an inflammatory response.

There is conflicting information about the role of diet with acne. It is best to consume a healthy, well-balanced diet. Over-cleansing of the skin will not make acne go away faster or keep it away, and you should avoid picking, squeezing, scrubbing or scratching acne lesions. This can lead to longer healing times, skin infections, discoloration and scarring. Lastly, when applying any products to your acne areas, look for products that are oil-free and/or “non-comedogenic” (not acne causing).

There are many treatments available for acne, including over-the-counter, prescription-strength and procedural therapies. Over-the-counter therapies are topical (including newer medicated soap bars) and include the ingredients benzoyl peroxide, glycolic acid, retinol, salicylic acid or sulfur. Additionally, sea coral has been used to treat acne. Prescription-strength therapies include topical medications (azelaic acid, clindamycin, dapsone, retinoids, sulfacetamide sodium) and oral medications (antibiotics, hormone regulators, retinoids). Procedural therapies include chemical peels, laser and light therapy. Combining medical therapies with procedures often leads to better results.