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Different Types Of Dandruff, Treatment And Causes

types of dandruff

Itchy scalp or dry flakes often rub off on the shoulder. This is because of a scalp condition called dandruff. Dandruff can lead to hair fall, fungal infection on skin and embarrassment in a social event. It is a common condition which generally happens to people with a dry scalp so what to do for dandruff? You can get treatment for various types of dandruff.

The skin cells of the scalp always renew themselves just like other parts of the body. The old skin is pushed off the surface while the new ones replace it. This process of rejuvenation of skin is called flaking. For people suffering from dandruff, this renewal process happens at an increased rate. The amount of dead skin cells increases so it starts falling over the shoulder or collar. The flakes become noticeable so with the treatment you can get dandruff free hair.

Types of dandruff and its causes

Dandruff is a chronic condition although harmless. It often interferes in your day-to-day activities and the flakes falling from your head can affect your self-confidence. Here are some types of dandruff:

  • Dry skin dandruff

Dandruff related to dry skin generally occurs during winters. In cold winters it is difficult to take cold water showers so taking a hot water shower increases the chances of dandruff. The scalp becomes dry and flaky. Individuals who have dry skin throughout the year are prone to have flaky scalp. This type of dry skin is the cause of dandruff and itchy skin.

  • Oil-related dandruff

The accumulation of sebum oil in the scalp leads to oil-related dandruff or oily scalp dandruff. This oil is secreted by the glands can cause clumps of dirt and oil in the scalp. This leads to itchy and flaky skin. The secretion of sebum oil increases due to anxiety or stress. If you have one of these types of dandruff then consult your doctor for cleaning the sebum oil from the skin. This becomes bad dandruff in summer.

  • Disease-related dandruff

Skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis can lead to scaly or flaky scalp. When this damaged skin gets in touch with sebum oil and dirt it causes dandruff. Another condition that leads to dandruff is seborrheic dermatitis. It causes soreness and severe redness in the scalp. It is most visible in the neck or head.

  • Fungus-related dandruff

It is one of the common types of dandruff known as Malassezia which is found on the skin of every human being. In some cases, it triggers the inflammatory response which leads to dandruff or eczema.

Treatment of dandruff

An appointment with a skin doctor or dermatologist will help you get diagnosed with dandruff. It can easily be diagnosed by looking at your scalp or hair. The flaking or itchiness caused due to dandruff can always be controlled or reduced. First, try anti-dandruff shampoos or gentle shampoo to reduce skin cell build-up or reduce the amount of oil on the skin. So, what to do for dandruff? To get rid of different types of dandruff you need a proper hair care regime that works for controlling dandruff. Dandruff shampoos are the best way to control dandruff. Here is some treatment that controls dandruff.

Dandruff treatment shampoos 

Proper care or shampooing daily helps in cleaning the flakes from the scalp. The best shampoos to use for the remedy of dandruff is:-

Selenium sulfide shampoo- It is also known as Selsun blue shampoo. It is an antifungal shampoo that prevents fungus from growing on the skin. This shampoo is effective in treating dandruff.

Ketoconazole shampoos: This shampoo is said to be effective in killing fungi that is the cause behind dandruff. It is easily available around-the-counter by prescription.

Tar-based shampoos: The escalation of renewal of skin leads to flaky scalp. Coal tar slows this process so dandruff reduces over time.

At Dermcos Skin Care Clinic, we have specialists that help in rejuvenating your skin and flourish the health of locks. They can treat all types of dandruff with proper medication and diagnosis.

 Mild dandruff can be treated with the help of following methods-

  • Wash the hair frequently using a mild shampoo. Do it regularly for dandruff removal. Do not scratch your scalp and gently lather while shampooing.
  • Leave the shampoo on the scalp for 3-5 minutes or as directed by a dermatologist for all types of dandruff.
  • For Asians, it is recommended to shampoo every day and use an anti-dandruff shampoo twice a week. This will depend on the weather of your location.

Lifestyle changes for treatment of dandruff

Stress or anxiety management
Stress causes the secretion of sebum oil which leads to dandruff. Stress can trigger dandruff and worsen existing symptoms. Managing stress helps in reducing dandruff so you can get dandruff free hair.

Healthy diet
Diet can be very helpful in the treatment of dandruff. Rich in zinc or vitamin B food helps in preventing dandruff.

Limit in hair styling products
Hairstyling products can add up in building dandruff. Limiting high chemical products can help in reducing dandruff.


Treatment of dandruff at early stages helps in reducing different types of dandruff or removing the symptoms from root. If you have itchiness or flaky skin then contact Dermcos Skin Care Clinic for treatment. Dandruff might be a common health problem yet it needs medical intervention. It can lead to a serious medical condition like psoriasis, eczema and infection in the scalp. Make an appointment with the best dermatologist in Gurgaon at Dermcos Skin Care Clinic today and get rid of dandruff.

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